CONTENTCHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTIONCHAPTER 2 CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONCHAPTER 3 FORENSIC SCIENCE IN TRIALSCHAPTER 4 RELEVANT LAWCHAPTER 5 SCENE OF OCCURRENCECHAYTER 6 FINGERPRINTSCHAPTER 7 TRACK MARKSCHAPTER 8 TOOL MARKSCHAPTER 9 FIREARMSCHAPTER 10 DOCUMENTSCHAPTER 11 POISONSCHAPTER 12 NARCOTICSCHAPTER 13 ALCOHOLCHAPTER 14 EXPLOSIVES AND EXPLOSIONSCHAPTER 15 FIRESCHAPTER 16 MOTOR VEHICLESCHAPTER 17 MICROTRACESCHAPTER 18 HAIRSCHAPTER 19 BODY FLUIDSCHAPTER 20 DNA PROFILINGCHAPTER 21 ELEMENTARY FORENSIC MEDICINECHAPTER 22 COMPUTERSCHAPTER 23 COMPUTERICYBRE CRIME CRIMESCHAPTER 24 DIGITAL IMAGE FORENSICSCHAPTER 25 CELL PHONE FORENSICSCHAPTER 26 VOICE ANALYSISCHAPTER 27 FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGYCHAPTER 28 PHYCHOLOGICAL DETECTION OF DECEPTION (POD) (LIE DETECTION)CHAPTER 29 NARCOANALYSIS INTERROGATION (TRUTH SERUM TEST)CHAPTER 30 CRIMINAL PROFILING IN FORENSICSCHAPTER 31 FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGYCHAPTER 32 FORENSIC ODONTOLOGYCHAPTER 33 FORENSIC ENTOMOLOGY ABOUT THE BOOKForensic Science in Criminal Investigation is intended to assist the criminal justice system to disseminate real justice. It intends to dispense with the inhumane. immoral and illegal traditional evidential tools: The infamous III degree methods The parroted versions of the tutored witnesses The police approved statements of the inducted fake approvers The glib gatha of the ever available stock witnesses The dictated confessions from the accused (criminal or innocent) and The physical fake padding introduced to link the accused with the crimes.Forensic Science in Criminal Investigation and Trials intends to assist to usher in scientific era. The works make it possible for the handlers of the criminal justicesy tern to understand the potentialities. The limitations and the processes of Forensic Science. The present work is the messiah to inform the concerned how it can be done. The criminal must exchange physical clues with all the entities with which he comes in contact in the commission of crime. It tells how these clues are exchanged. located, collected, preserved, integrity and authenticity maintained, evaluated and compared and how the criminal is interlinked with the victim, with the crime scene, with the weapon of offence, with the vehicle used and the routes and sites visited . I t tells how the evidence is presented in courts to make it intelligible and convincing.Forensic Science in Criminal Investigation and Trials has rather become encyclopedic in content. It covers all the relevant specialties currently being used in India. In addition to 21 topics in the previous edition 12 more specialties have been added to make the works fully comprehensive as of today. It is hoped that the book in its present avatar will meet the needs of the targeted audience, namely the administrator, the investigator, the expert, the counsel, the judges, and the student.Forensic Science in Criminal Investigation has a unique feature. It contains the thoughts of the judges in the form of Case Law. They provide guidelines to the judges and the lawyers. They al 0 inform the investigator and the experts of the judicial need vis-├á-vis the expert evidence. The extracted text in the Case Law discus only the expert evidence. ABOUT THE AUTHORDr. B.R. Sharma has his basic education in chemistry. Hel worked for his M. Sc. (Hons) and Ph.D. degrees in Delhi University laboratories after obtaining his B.Sc.(Hons) from Punjab University), Dr. Sharma, during the fag end of his Ph.D. work, was selected as Director, Punjab C.I.D. Scientific Laboratory, at the age of 26. He had been heading, since then, various Forensic Science institutions [State FSLs. Punjab, Himachal; U.T. Chandigarh; CFSL, (G01, MHA), Chandigarh, etc . He finally retired in September 1993 and runs The National Institute of Forensic Science to provide Forensic expense [0 the needy. Dr. Sharma has his rigorous rrainingin Forensics in UK, notably in the famous New Scotland Yard Laboratory, London. He had special attachments [0 Scotland Laboratory, Glasgow, an Home official laboratory, Harrogate [0 widen the vision. Extensive research casework, readings and writings augmented the learning. Frequent participations in scientific meetings, seminars and workshops ali Forensics honed his forensics skills.Dr. Sharma has examined thousands of cases relating to Forensics and has been appearing as an expend witness in various courts as court prosecutor of defense witness. He is a consultant to numerous institutions: universes, educational boards, banks, insurance companies, government semi ~ government private organizations and individuals. including courts and police departments.Dr. Sharma has been a teacher in Forensics for about three decades as a secondary engagement. His appoinonents include Honorary Visiting Professor to Punjab University, Guest faculty member to Punjabi University, Patiala, Dr. H.S. Gaur University, Sagar. National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science, Delhi, Central Detective Training School, numerous zonal and Regional Staff Training Colleges of various Banks and Judicial Academies. During his sojourn in academics, he had many opponunities to interact with Forensic Science students, police and other investigators, lawyers, judges, bankers and others concerned with Forensics. The teacher~ taught interaction inducted better and more intensive insight about the forensic problems, their solutions and the needs of the various involved professionals.Dr. Sharma has over four decades of experience in various aspects of Forensics including hundreds of visit to the crime scenes, in-depth laboratory working and challenging court presentations. His services were requisitioned in all pans of the country and even abroad. Dr. Sharma has done extensive research work and has published about 100 papers/articles in Forensics both in Indian and foreign journals. His researches involved numerous facets of forensics.Dr. Sharma main obsession has been to create Forensics literature in non-technical language and to simplify the technical contents of the scientific evidence so that the evidence could be understood, appreciated and utilized by all non-specialists (and the specialists) concerned wirh the evidence. It could rule out the acceptance of the ipse dixit of the expert and prevent the verbosity of the charlatan, the inept and the corrupt expert who try to confound. confuse or corrupt the dissemination of justice in the courts.Dr. Sharma’s Forensic Science in Criminal Investigation and T rials (the lingua franca of Forensics community) is his flagship. His othe:r major works are Firearms in Criminal Invcstigation and Trials., Han~Tiri1tg Forensics, Bank Frauds: prevcncion and detection; Footprints Tracksandnals SdentificCriminal Investigation. ele.